Social justice can be defined as equal distribution of resources and protection of rights regardless of the social status of an individual. Fair distribution of resources is termed as equity. A just society is possible only when social justice is practiced and when effective social policy is applied at all levels of a society. Legislative advocacy helps to achieve these goals by introducing a change in the legislation regarding social work that would bring about a positive change in the society in terms of realizing social justice. It can also be seen as lobbying in order to influence the decisions made by the government in the context of social justice.
Social Policy Advocacy
The change that takes place in public policy as an attempt to promote justice and consistency within a large organization that serves the public is known as social policy advocacy. There are legislative committees before which the person or organization bringing about the change testifies. The policymakers have to involve in decision making directly in order to identify the purpose of policy change and set goals for its implementation in future.
In order to influence decisions within the political circle, political advocacy has to be practiced. Regulatory agencies are usually involved in such types of movements and so are legislators because to this level common man is usually unable to penetrate.
Social Political Activism
Social political activism refers to any direct plan of action that serves to change some political and social entities. Examples of such social political activism include civil disobedience, protests and boycotts, walkouts from joint sessions or meetings, shutter down business strikes, fasting, picketing, etc. To stop these from happening, there is a need to change the status quo, which calls for an action plan known as structural+change+activism.
Bringing about change through social justice
Three types of change can be brought about through social justice in any society. These include;
– Tuning change
o Adjusting existing social structures in an attempt to make way for social justice
– Incremental change
o Bringing about change through increase of resources including wealth, knowledge, etc.
– Structural change
o Identifying cultural barriers that cause disadvantage to certain individuals who are considered under-privileged
Every person belonging to a particular society has equal rights to contribute to changes in the environmental laws and policies. It doesn’t matter which income group they fall into or what colour or creed they belong to. There should an involvement of all people so that their views and opinions could be recorded and implemented in the next change in the policies.
In order to influence health policies to provide equal healthcare facilities to all people in a society, the barriers that exist in the way have to be overcome. This can be achieved by organizing meetings with policy makers, legislative staff and elected officials to discuss new directions and taking steps to implement those goals.
Poverty and racism are two primary causes of injustice in schools. Legislative advocacy in this context should work to eradicate the influence of these two entities in educational sector by introducing reforms that would completely change the system and support consistency in all schools and institutions so that children belonging to low-income households have equal chances of thriving in their field.
When people from different national origins apply for immigration, they all should be given the same rights and the decision to accept or reject their application should be solely based on merit. This is called a just treatment of all human beings no matter what their origin is, to strive for a better tomorrow by immigrating to another country.